Opinion | Popular anxiety
What’s disturbing is our failure to arrest and reverse a trend within population growth: that of our widening gender gap
The long dormant issue of a “population explosion" has come to the national forefront, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi calling it a challenge in his Independence Day speech. That India’s headcount, at over 1.3 billion, is headed even higher is not in dispute. But there is hope. According to Sample Registration System data, the country’s total fertility rate—roughly, the average number of children born to a woman—has fallen to an estimated 2.2. This figure is only marginally higher than 2.1, the replacement rate of the existing population.