President Ram Nath Kovind (PTI file)
President Ram Nath Kovind (PTI file)

Article 370: J&K loses special status; president enforces changes

  • The Centre on Monday scrapped the provision of Article 370 of the Constitution that granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir
  • Jammu and Kashmir now stands bifurcated into two Union territories — J&K with a legislative assembly and Ladakh without one

New Delhi: As the Parliament session concluded, following two days of deliberation over the passage of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill that bifurcates the state and scraps the special status accorded under Article 370, President Ram Nath Kovind on Wednesday signed off on the official gazette that enforced the changes from 6 August.

“In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (3) of article 370 read with clause (1) of article 370 of the Constitution of India, the President, on the recommendation of Parliament, is pleased to declare that, as from the 6th August, 2019, all clauses of the said article 370 shall cease to be operative…" according to the gazette notification.

The Centre on Monday scrapped the provision of Article 370 of the Constitution that granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir, with an order saying “it shall come into force at once". The abrogation follows the Centre introducing the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill in Parliament.

Article 370 laid down that except for matters related to defence, foreign affairs, communications and issues specified in the Instrument of Accession of Jammu and Kashmir, Parliament needs the state government's ratification for all other laws. So far, residents of the state lived under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property and fundamental rights.

Jammu and Kashmir now stands bifurcated into two Union territories — J&K with a legislative assembly and Ladakh without one.

"All provisions of this Constitution, as amended from time to time, without any modifications or exceptions, shall apply to the State of Jammu and Kashmir notwithstanding anything contrary contained in Article 152 or Article 308 or any other article of this Constitution or any other provision of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir or any law, document, judgement, ordinance, order, by-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having the force of law in the territory of India, or any other instrument, treaty or agreement as envisaged under Article 363 or otherwise," according to the gazette notification.

Also read: Opinion | We’ve integrated the state, but not hearts and minds

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