State elections are a high-stake battle since the BJP is currently in power in four — Haryana, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Bihar. These states account for 119 seats in Parliament. On Thursday, the BJP along with their allies, managed a win in 108 of the 119 seats. In Haryana and Delhi, the party managed a clean sweep. Their alliance partners in Maharashtra, Shiv Sena, won 18 seats. In Bihar, BJP allies Janata Dal (United) and Lok Jan Shakti Party won 16 and six seats, respectively.
In Delhi, the BJP is set to take on the Congress and the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP). The AAP had won 67 of the 70 seats in the assembly elections in 2015. The party, however, failed to win a single seat in the Lok Sabha elections and was reduced to the third position.
Elections are also due to be held in the border state of Jammu & Kashmir, where the assembly has been dissolved since November and has been under the president’s rule. However, there is no clarity on when the polls will be held in the state.
The Lok Sabha polls were held months after assembly elections were held in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The Congress went on to form government in all the three states. But less than seven months later, the party failed to secure a single seat in Rajasthan, won two out of 11 in Chhattisgarh and just one seat in Madhya Pradesh.
According to analysts, given voter behavior in the recent assembly elections, it is difficult to predict since state elections have a different set of issues.
“Given these results, it is very difficult to predict. Just a few months back, the Congress had formed governments in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, but all that completely changed. The upcoming state elections cannot be linked to the national elections since voters are highly unpredictable now," according to Ghanshyam Dev, a Chandigarh-based political analyst.