The first session of the 17th Lok Sabha has seen high productivity, giving a push to the legislative agenda of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.
The ongoing budget session has also seen legislative advancement with critical legislation, such as the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019, and the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019, being passed in both Houses of Parliament.
As many as 35 bills have been introduced in this session, of which approximately 21 have been passed by both Houses of Parliament and 7 have been passed by the House in which they were first introduced, according to PRS Legislative Research, an independent organization studying legislative processes.
This session is the most productive session under the NDA. The maximum number of bills passed in a session during the 2014-19 NDA government has been 12.
During this session, the two Houses have also spent the maximum time on legislative business with the Lok Sabha spending about 100 hours and the Rajya Sabha spending 70 hours to pass bills.
The session has seen a breakthrough for the NDA with key legislation passing the test in the Rajya Sabha where the NDA lacks majority. The alliance saw support from parties such as the Biju Janata Dal and the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party in the Upper House on some of the bills.
The NDA extended the budget session by eight working days to focus on pending legislation. As such, the session that was to end on 26 July has been extended till 7 August. Union parliamentary affairs minister Pralhad Joshi told the Lok Sabha that 17 bills were yet to be considered for passing.
Since the session has been extended, the Lok Sabha has been taking up two bills for consideration and passing each day. Both the Houses have also done away with Question Hour to focus on the legislative agenda. The Lok Sabha has seen proceedings continue beyond 11pm on at least three working days and the House also decided to not take a lunch break on several days during the session.
Some of the key bills pending in Parliament include the Dam Safety Bill, 2019, the Transgender Person (Protection of rights) Bill, 2019, and the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019.