New Delhi: The government asset monetisation programme may take the trust route with central transmission utility Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd (PGCIL) looking to float an infrastructure investment trust (InvIT) - a first by a PSU entity - to unlock value from its operational transmission assets and free up long-term capital for further investments.
Government sources said that the company will shortly appoint a consultant to advice on the modus operandi for floating of the trust and suggest a roadmap for its proposed asset monetisation programme.
"The InvIT route will help the company to get current value of its assets and unlock capital that could be used for further investment and faster development of projects," said a PGCIL official, who was not willing to be identified.
He, however, said that the PSU was not in a hurry to monetise its assets and would wait for the right market conditions to undertake such exercise. The company also has over ₹4,000 crore of surplus cash and a ₹10,000 crore fund raising programme through bonds that is considered adequate for meeting its entire capital expenditure of about ₹15,000 crore in FY21 and other greenfield investments.
"Moreover, government may not directly benefit from this asset monetisation, as the money from sale of assets may fall into the books of the PGCIL. However, the Centre can always recoup some benefits by seeking higher dividend payout from the PSU," said the source quoted earlier.
The proposed InvIT will be on the lines of a real estate investment trust (REIT) for which the market regulator, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi), has already finalised detailed norms for trading of trust units.
Already, India Grid Trust (IndiGrid), an infrastructure investment trust (InvIT) sponsored by Sterlite Power Grid Ventures Ltd, is operational.
With a total asset size of over ₹2 lakh crore and investment of about ₹1 lakh crore in putting up transmission infrastructure, the proposed monetisation programme of PGCIL could provide it the necessary boost required to push up investments.
As per the plan that is still being discussed with Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM), the PGCIL would set up the InvIT and transfer or sell some of its operational transmission assets to the proposed trust. In return for such transfers, the company would get tradeable units from the trust that could be used in the market to mobilise funds.
This would allow the company to monetise its existing assets that in normal circumstances would have given it returns only after years of operation. Transmission projects are long gestation projects where returns start accruing only after a period of 20-25 years.
"The concept of InvITs is good. But it is not as much beneficial for Indians as it is for external people, say, for FIIs," said executive of an infrastructure company that is also looking at floating an InvIT.
In order to make InvIT a monetisation tool for the sector, the PGCIL may also also rope in more power companies that are looking to free up their capital to raise resources for fresh investments. This would help it attract investors into the trust that would be crucial to build a large corpus.
The PGCIL has a big investment plan for enhancing transmission network in the country. Annually, the company is making capital expenditure of between ₹15,000-20,000 crore to expand its network. It already has close to 1,58,000 circuit kms of inter state transmission lines.
Sebi has allowed Indian firms to launch investment trusts to help cash-strapped developers get easier access to funds, while also creating a new investment avenue for institutions and high net worth individuals.
PSUs are working on asset monetisation programme in wake of the government's decision that companies would have to mobilise resources for new investments through that route as normal channels of financing were under pressure.