Home / Science / Health /  India may start testing feasibility of mixing 2 different Covid vaccine doses soon: Govt panel head

With India facing a shortage of doses for vaccination against Covid-19, Dr N K Arora, chairman of Covid-19 working group under National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) has said that the country may soon start in few weeks testing the feasibility of a regimen that mixes two different doses of Covid vaccines to see if it helps boost the immune response to the virus.

On the current scenario of vaccine availability in the country, Dr N K Arora said, "Yesterday, SII in a letter mentioned that from June onwards they will be manufacturing 10-12 crore doses, which is almost 50% ramping up. Similarly, Covaxin is also going to increase its production and by July end they will also produce between10-12 crores."

"By August we will have 20-25 crore vaccine doses per month; another 5-6 crore doses from other manufacturing units or if we get international vaccine doses. The objective is to vaccinate 1 crore people every day," he further added

Dr VK Paul, Member Health NITI Aayog earlier said that taking two jabs of two different COVID vaccines is "theoretically possible", but more in-depth research is needed in the matter

Addressing a press conference here today, Paul said, "You asked me if a person can get inoculated with a vaccine different from the one he received in the first dose. Scientifically & theoretically's possible. But recommending this, is an evolving situation. No robust scientific evidence. Only time will tell."

Many countries around the world have already started to test the efficacy of switching COVID-19 vaccines if different doses of covid-19 can be used for mass inoculation of the people.

Britain said in January it would allow people to be given a different vaccine for a second dose on extremely rare occasions, for example if the first vaccine was out of stock.

The first findings of an Oxford University-led study released on May 12 found that people who received Pfizer's vaccine followed by a dose of AstraZeneca's, or vice versa, were more likely to report mild or moderate common post-vaccination symptoms than if they received two of the same type.

Novavax said on May 21 it would take part in a mix-and-match COVID-19 vaccine trial to test the use of an additional vaccine dose from a different producer as a booster. The trial will start in June in the United Kingdom.

In USA, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had updated its guidance, allowing a mix of Pfizer/BioNTech's covid-19 vaccine and Moderna's shots with a gap of at least 28 days between the two inoculations, and only for "exceptional situations".

According to a study conducted by the Spanish university, a combination of AstraZeneca and Pfizer vaccine was entirely safe and effective in controlling the spread and prevention of the disease.

The study conducted by the Carlos III Health Institute in Spain found that the first dose of AstraZeneca followed by the second dose of Pfizer was absolutely safe and effective.

The university has backed its findings with the result of a clinical trial in which 673 participants aged below 60 years participated.

More than 23 crore vaccine doses provided to States/UTs

Meanwhile, the Government of India has said that so far it has provided, both through the free of cost category and through direct state procurement category, more than 23 crore vaccine doses (23,11,68,480) to States/UTs.

Of this, the total consumption, including wastages is 21,22,38,652 doses (as per data available at 8 AM today).

More than 1.75 crore COVID Vaccine doses (1,75,48,648) are still available with the States/UTs to be administered.

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