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Business News/ Science / Health/  Obesity among Indians rose 50% between 2019 and 2022: Report
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Obesity among Indians rose 50% between 2019 and 2022: Report

There has been an uptick in obesity diagnosis in those less than 45 years of age by 43% and by 60% in people over the age of 45

There is a 50% increase in the prevalence of obesity among Indians between 2019 and 2022.Premium
There is a 50% increase in the prevalence of obesity among Indians between 2019 and 2022.

New Delhi: The prevalence of early risk factors like obesity and dyslipidemia or cholesterol irregularities have jumped 50% and 18% respectively between 2019 and 2022, as per an annual health report by Apollo Hospitals.

The report has pointed out the increasing trend for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and a significant rise in early risk factors.

“There is a 50% increase in the prevalence of Obesity among Indians between 2019 and 2022. Obesity has seen an uptick in diagnosis in those less than 45 years of age by 43% and by 60% in people over the age of 45. Dyslipidemia or Cholesterol irregularities have seen an 18% increase in prevalence among Indians between 2019 and 2022. This is also fueled by a significant increase in its prevalence among those over 45 years of age by more than 35%," stated the report.

Diabetes and hypertension diagnosis have risen by 8% and 11% respectively between 2019 and 2022. "There is also an increasing risk of Hypertension amongst Indians over 45 years, its prevalence in diagnosis having increased from 14% to 16% in the last 3 years. Chronic stress and anxiety increase the risk of incidence of hypertension by 1.5X and diabetes by up to 2X. Men with chronic stress have double the risk of incidence of diabetes than women," said the report.

“Preventive healthcare needs to become a national priority. Over the past 3 decades, non-communicable diseases have become the leading cause of death and suffering, contributing to 65% of deaths in India. NCDs affect not just health, but also productivity and economic growth. The estimated economic burden on India is expected be about $4.8 trillion by 2030. As the youngest and fastest growing major economy in the world, the health of our nation is a critical indicator of our future, and the health of our people will determine how effectively we live up to our full potential. What we need is a proactive and highly defined strategy to minimize the impact of NCDs. And the best solution lies in prevention," said Prathap Reddy, chairman, Apollo Hospitals Grou.

The rise in preventive screenings has also led to an increase in the diagnosis of early risk factors like obesity and dyslipidemia (cholesterol irregularities) among Indians across age groups. “These are indication of the potential onset of chronic conditions like diabetes and hypertension and a wake-up call for individuals to make early shifts in their lifestyle behaviours," he said.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Priyanka Sharma
Priyanka Shamra is a health and pharma journalist with nearly nine years of field reporting experience. She is a special correspondent with Mint. Her beat includes covering the Ministry of Health and Department of Pharmaceuticals. She also covers the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Department of Biotechnology.
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Published: 08 Apr 2023, 12:01 PM IST
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