Kolkata: The fifth edition of India International Science Festival began here today, with students attempting to create four Guinness World Records dedicated to noted scientists who were pioneers in their field of research.

The four-day event is organized annually by Ministry of Science and Technology along with Vijnana Bharti (VIBHA) to highlight India’s contribution to the science and technology. The theme for this year’s festival is 'RISEN' India – Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation.

The first record, assembly of spectroscopes, has been dedicated to noted astrophysicist Meghnad Saha. Over 1,750 students will participate in it. Spectroscopes are used to get gather data about what stars or other celestial objects are actually made of- their temperature and chemical composition and Saha's research led to major findings in the domain.

Second record is the largest assembly of optical media communication units at a single location. This would be attempted by over 950 students and is dedicated to CV Raman for his ground breaking work on light scattering and Satyendra Nath Bose, for his breakthrough work on theoretical physics.

The third record for most people assembling Radio kits simultaneously will be attempted on November 7. It will see a participation of over 400 students, and is dedicated to J C bose, who was first behind the science to capture radio waves.

Students will also attempt to form the largest human image of a human chromosome on the final day with the participation of over 400 students.

Additionally, the four-day long science festival would witness as many as 28 events including health science conclave, agricultural scientists meet and Vigyanika- science literature festival. Scientists and young researchers from various institutes across the country are participating in the festival. A women scientists’ conclave will also be organised.

"Our primary goal is to expose young minds to the deep mysteries of the universe and various facets of its evolution, so as to encourage them to take up science as a career option and contribute to the nation's intellectual capital and growth," said Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, Department of Science & Technology.

An exhibition - 'Vigyan Samagam' has also been put covering the journey of science from discovery of the Higgs particle to that of gravitational waves and merger of neutron stars and black holes. Some of the projects throw light on crucial questions related to the origin of the Universe and its evolution through its various stages. It will remain open in Kolkata till 31 December.