Chandrayaan 2 takes photos of craters on moon’s surface: In pics
2 min read.Updated: 27 Aug 2019, 08:41 AM IST
Edited By Tamal Nandi
Jackson is an impact crater located in the northern hemisphere of the far side of the Moon
Chandrayaan-2 will explore a region of the moon where no mission has ever set foot
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has released more pictures taken from Chandrayaan 2 and was imaged by Terrain Mapping Camera-2 of Chandrayaan 2 on 23 August.
In a statement released by ISRO it has displayed the photos and also signifying its importance.
Here are the set of pictures issued by ISRO:
1) Lunar surface imaged by Terrain Mapping Camera 2 (TMC-2) on 23rd August 2019 at an altitude of ~4375 km showing impact craters such as Jackson, Mitra, Mach and Korolev.
Jackson is an impact crater located in the northern hemisphere of the far side of the Moon. It is a 71 km dia crater at 22.4°N and 163.1°W (shown in the inset). The interesting feature at the western outer rim of Mach crater is another impact crater, Mitra (92 km dia). It is named after Prof. Sisir Kumar Mitra, who was an Indian physicist and Padma Bhushan recipient known for his pioneering work in the field of ionosphere and Radiophysics. The Korolev crater seen in the image is a 437 km crater which has several small craters of varying sizes.
2) Lunar surface imaged by Terrain Mapping Camera 2 (TMC-2) on 23rd August 2019 at an altitude of ~4375 km showing impact craters such as Sommerfeld and Kirkwood.
Sommerfeld is a large impact crater located in the farside northern latitudes of the Moon. It is a 169km dia crater at 65.2°N and 162.4°W. It has relatively flat interior surrounded by a ring mountain and a number of smaller craters lie along the rim edge. The crater is named after Dr. Arnold Sommerfeld who is a German physicist pioneered in the field of atomic and quantum physics. North east to this crater lies the Kirkwood crater named after the American astronomer Daniel Kirkwood, another well-formed impact crater which is approximately 68 km diameter.
3) Lunar north polar region imaged by Terrain Mapping Camera 2 (TMC-2) on 23rd August 2019 at an altitude of ~4375 km showing impact craters such as Plaskett (109km), Rozhdestvenskiy (177km) and Hermite (104 km ; one of the coldest spots in the solar system ~ 25 deg K).
ISRO chief K Sivan had announced Chandrayaan-2's successful completion of lunar orbit insertion while stating that the mission would carry out a soft landing on the moon on September 7.
Chandrayaan-2 will explore a region of the moon where no mission has ever set foot. The spacecraft consists of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover together referred to as "composite body".
The spacecraft will be the first Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface. This mission will make India the fourth country after the US, Russia, and China to carry out a soft landing on the moon.
After revolving around the earth's orbit for nearly 23 days, it began its journey to the moon on August 14. After entering the earth orbit, Chandrayaan-2 had shared the beautiful first pictures of it.
The mission Chandrayaan-2 took off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on July 22.