Facebook changes name to Meta: What to know

Woman holds smartphone with Meta logo in front of a displayed Facebook's new rebrand logo Meta in this illustration picture taken October 28, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration (REUTERS)
Woman holds smartphone with Meta logo in front of a displayed Facebook's new rebrand logo Meta in this illustration picture taken October 28, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration (REUTERS)


  • Tech giant to rebrand as CEO Mark Zuckerberg looks to reposition company around the metaverse

The decision by Facebook Inc. to change its name to Meta reflects the company’s perceived growth opportunities beyond its namesake social-media platform.

Facebook wants the rebrand to show how Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg is repositioning the tech company around the metaverse, which he sees as a key growth area that can also attract younger users.

His promotion of the metaverse comes as Facebook faces intense criticism from lawmakers, researchers and users over revelations in The Wall Street Journal’s Facebook Files series.

What does ‘metaverse’ mean?

The metaverse is an online virtual realm where people would work, play and shop. Facebook describes it as “the next evolution of social connection. It’s a collective project that will be created by people all over the world, and open to everyone. You’ll be able to socialize, learn, collaborate and play in ways that go beyond what’s possible today."

Why is Facebook rebranding?

The corporate rebrand gives Facebook an opportunity to shift the focus at a time when it is facing sharp scrutiny from lawmakers, researchers and users. Mr. Zuckerberg has said the criticism surrounding the company over revelations in the Facebook Files series, which showed Facebook knows its platforms are riddled with flaws that cause harm, paints a false picture of the organization.

What does this mean for Facebook’s properties?

Facebook says the names of its apps—Facebook, Instagram, Messenger and WhatsApp—will remain the same. But the company is adapting its corporate structure. Mr. Zuckerberg said on a recent earnings call that Facebook Reality Labs, which encompasses augmented-reality and virtual-reality products and services, is becoming a separate reporting unit. He said spending for that unit would reduce this year’s total operating profit by $10 billion.

Have other major companies changed their names?

Yes. Rebranding is a relatively common corporate tactic. A name change can be a signal to the market, competitors and advertisers of a broader shift in a company’s focus and portfolio, even when its namesake product keeps the same title.

Philip Morris changed its name in 2003 to Altria Group Inc. amid widespread condemnation of Big Tobacco over cigarettes’ harmful health effects. Apple Inc. shortened its name from Apple Computer in 2007 to reflect the growth of other products like iPods and iPhones. Google restructured in 2015 to create a parent company named Alphabet Inc. that housed its array of side businesses.

To broaden its appeal, Weight Watchers changed its name to WW in 2018, around the same time Dunkin’ Brands Group Inc. dropped the word “Donuts" from its flagship brand as it increasingly emphasized coffee.

What about Facebook’s stock ticker symbol?

This is changing. Starting Dec. 1, the company’s shares are slated to trade under the stock symbol MVRS, giving up the two-letter format it had with FB.

On Oct. 28, the day the name change was announced, Facebook closed with a market cap of nearly $900 billion, putting it in the top 10 biggest U.S. companies by market value.


(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text)

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